A reading of the main temperance press provides much

A reading of the main temperance press provides much interesting information. The material included Future (Przyszłość) (1905–1914), which was first published in Cracow and then in Warsaw, the Galician Liberation (Wyzwolenie) (1906–1914) and the Abstinence Movement Support Monthly (Miesięcznik dla Popierania Ruchu Wstrzemięźliwości) (1903–1910) published in Pleszew in the Prussian Partition. These titles are the press c75 of the largest and most active temperance associations in Polish lands during the Partition period. All these titles are in the author\’s possession though, due to the dispersed nature of the material, finding them was very difficult. None of the main Polish libraries has a complete set of these periodicals.
Future, from 5th October to 3rd November 1905, represented the Galician Society for Total Abstinence from Alcoholic Beverages “Eleuteria” (Towarzystwo Zupełnej Wstrzemięźliwości od Napojów Alkoholowych „Eleuteria”). Between 1907 and 1914, it was published in the Congress Kingdom and was the press organ of the Society for Total Abstinence from Alcoholic Beverages “Future”. An estimated circulation of the periodical was of around 1200. It is worth mentioning that Future had two separate additions: one addressed to peasants Future for People (Przyszłość dla Ludu) (April–December 1905), and one monthly dedicated to combatting tobacco smoking Life Free from Tobacco (Życie bez Tytoniu) (April 1906–February 1907).
Another of the analysed periodicals, Liberation, was the press organ of the Society for Total Abstinence from Alcoholic Beverages “Eleuteria” in existence since 1902. In 1905 the Association renamed itself “Eleuteria–Liberation”, and in 1911 was known mainly as “Liberation”. “Eleuteria”, as a sort of temperance movement federation in Galicia in 1910 took care of the following abstinence organs: The Union of Abstinent Priests for Galicia and Bukovina, The Association of Industrial and Artisan Youth under the patronage of St. Stanisław Kostka, The “Sobriety” Association, The Association of Abstinent Railway Workers and The Union of Hope, “Ethos” and “Eleusis”. From 1912, it also cared for the moral rebirth of Galician Scouts. Liberation had an initial estimated circulation of 1000 that rose to 3000 in 1912.
The Abstinence Movement Support Monthly was at first the only press organ of the Union of Abstinent Priests. From 1907 it also represented the secular Society for Total Abstinence from Alcoholic Beverages “Liberation” operating in the Prussian Partition and among émigré Poles, mainly living in Germany. This also appeared in a circulation of around 1000.
The scientific literature does not contain much on the matter of combatting alcoholism among railway workers. However, one worthwhile article was published by Renata Bednarz-Grzybek, Izabela Krasińska and Piotr Sławiński – The Abstinent Railway Workers League between 1929–1939. Though the article at least in part deals with these issues, its chronological range is entirely different, as is the territory of study undertaken. The article\’s range of discussion is also narrower. The authors focus mainly on showing the activity of the Abstinence Railway Workers League, an organisation operating in Poland in the inter-war years.

The titles above present, certainly as a warning, perilous railway accidents that had occurred due to railway workers’ abuse drinking. For example, there was a railway crash in Silesia in 1895 in which the drunk driver did not break in time, resulting in the train breaking through a wall and stopping in the station waiting room. The accident resulted in a number of deaths and many injuries. The article author draws attention to the problem of employing candidates to work on the railways. His opinion was that only the “absolutely abstinent” ought to be employed as work on the railways can demand responsibility and be hard and exhausting [13].